Table 1.

Identified cancer stem cells and phenotypes

Tissue and/or CancerPhenotype and/or Surface ExpressionOther Relevant Marker ExpressionIdentifying Reference
Leukemia (acute myelogenous leukemia)CD34+/CD38/CD90Lapidot et al. (16); Bonnet et al. (18)
BreastCD44+/CD24−/low/LinLin, ESA+,CD133+Al-Hajj et al. (19); Wright et al. (20)
Squamous cell cancer of head and neckCD44+/LinBMI1+ (nuclear)Prince et al. (21)
MelanomaABCB5+Schatton et al. (22)
ColonCD133+Haraguchi et al. (23); O'Brien et al. (24)
Liver hepatocellular cancerCD133+ALDH+Ma et al. (25)
ProstateCD44+/α2β1hi/CD133+Collins et al. (26)
GlioblastomaCD133+Singh et al. (27)
PancreasCD44+/CD24+/ESA+CD133+Li et al. (1); Hermann et al. (2)
OvarianBCRP1+; CD44+/CD133+Verapamil_sensitive, CD44+, CD117+ (c-kit)Szotek et al. (28); Zhang et al. (75)