Through the one-bead two-compound (OB2C) ultra-high throughput screening method, we discovered a new small molecule compound LLS2 that can kill a variety of cancer cells. Pull-down assay and LC MS/MS indicated that galectin-1 is the target protein of LLS2. Galectin-1 is known to be involved in the regulation of proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, and angiogenesis. Binding of LLS2 to galectin-1 decreased membrane-associated H-Ras and K-Ras, and contributed to the suppression of pErk pathway. Importantly, combination of LLS2 with paclitaxel (a very important clinical chemotherapeutic agent) was found to exhibit synergistic activity against several human cancer cell lines (ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, and breast cancer cells) in vitro. Furthermore, in vivo therapeutic study indicated that combination treatment with paclitaxel and LLS2 significantly inhibits the growth of ovarian cancer xenografts in athymic mice. Our results presented here indicate that the OB2C combinatorial technology is a highly efficient drug-screening platform and LLS2 discovered through this method can be further optimized for anti-cancer drug development.
- Received October 18, 2016.
- Revision received March 31, 2017.
- Accepted April 3, 2017.
- Copyright ©2017, American Association for Cancer Research.