Synergistic action of kinase and BET bromodomain inhibitors in cell killing has been reported for a variety of cancers. Using the chemical scaffold of the JAK2 inhibitor TG101348 we developed and characterized single agents which potently and simultaneously inhibit BRD4 and a specific set of oncogenic tyrosine kinases including JAK2, FLT3, RET, and ROS1. Lead compounds showed on-target inhibition in several blood cancer cell lines and were highly efficacious at inhibiting the growth of hematopoietic progenitor cells from myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients. Screening across 931 cancer cell lines revealed differential growth inhibitory potential with highest activity against bone and blood cancers, and greatly enhanced activity over the single BET inhibitor JQ1. Gene-drug sensitivity analyses and drug combination studies indicate synergism of BRD4 and kinase inhibition as a plausible reason for the superior potency in cell killing. Combined, our findings indicate promising potential of these agents as novel chemical probes and cancer therapeutics.
- Received September 6, 2016.
- Revision received March 2, 2017.
- Accepted March 2, 2017.
- Copyright ©2017, American Association for Cancer Research.