Periostin (POSTN) interacts with multiple integrins to coordinate a variety of cellular processes, including epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell migration. In our previous study, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) therapy was associated with resistance and EMT. The present study sought to determine the role of POSTN in the resistance of glioma stem cells (GSCs) to antiangiogenic therapy. In mouse xenograft models of human glioma, POSTN expression was associated with acquired resistance to anti-VEGF-A therapy and had a synergistic effect with bevacizumab in prolonging survival and decreasing tumor volume. Resistance to anti-VEGF-A therapy regulated by POSTN was associated with increased expression of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF beta1) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF1 alpha) in GSCs. At the molecular level, POSTN regulated invasion and expression of EMT (caveolin-1) and angiogenesis-related genes (HIF1 alpha and VEGF-A) through activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Moreover, recombinant POSTN increased GSC invasion. Collectively, our findings suggest that POSTN plays an important role in glioma invasion and resistance to antiangiogenic therapy.
- Received May 28, 2015.
- Revision received May 26, 2016.
- Accepted June 6, 2016.
- Copyright ©2016, American Association for Cancer Research.