VEGF receptor (VEGFR) signaling plays a key role in tumor angiogenesis. Although some VEGFR signal-targeted drugs have been approved for clinical use, their utility is limited by associated toxicities or resistance to such therapy. To overcome these limitations, we developed TAS-115, a novel VEGFR and hepatocyte growth factor receptor (MET)-targeted kinase inhibitor with an improved safety profile. TAS-115 inhibited the kinase activity of both VEGFR2 and MET and their signal-dependent cell growth as strongly as other known VEGFR or MET inhibitors. On the other hand, kinase selectivity of TAS-115 was more specific than that of sunitinib and TAS-115 produced relatively weak inhibition of growth (GI50 > 10 μmol/L) in VEGFR signal- or MET signal-independent cells. Furthermore, TAS-115 induced less damage in various normal cells than did other VEGFR inhibitors. These data suggest that TAS-115 is extremely selective and specific, at least in vitro. In in vivo studies, TAS-115 completely suppressed the progression of MET-inactivated tumor by blocking angiogenesis without toxicity when given every day for 6 weeks, even at a serum-saturating dose of TAS-115. The marked selectivity of TAS-115 for kinases and targeted cells was associated with improved tolerability and contributed to the ability to sustain treatment without dose reduction or a washout period. Furthermore, TAS-115 induced marked tumor shrinkage and prolonged survival in MET-amplified human cancer–bearing mice. These data suggest that TAS-115 is a unique VEGFR/MET-targeted inhibitor with improved antitumor efficacy and decreased toxicity. Mol Cancer Ther; 12(12); 1–12. ©2013 AACR.
Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Molecular Cancer Therapeutics Online (http://mct.aacrjournals.org/).
- Received June 7, 2013.
- Revision received September 12, 2013.
- Accepted September 26, 2013.
- ©2013 American Association for Cancer Research.