Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive histotype of B-cell non–Hodgkin lymphoma that has increased in incidence over the past few decades and is incurable, usually poorly responsive to standard chemotherapy combinations, and associated with poor prognoses. Discovering new therapeutic agents with low toxicity that produce better outcomes in patients with MCL is an ongoing challenge. Recent studies showed that degrasyn, a novel small-molecule inhibitor of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activation of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway, exerts antitumor activity in lymphoid tumors by inhibiting key growth and survival signaling (JAK/STAT) pathways. In the present study, we found that treatment of both typical and blastoid-variant MCL cells with degrasyn in combination with bortezomib resulted in synergistic growth inhibition and apoptosis induction in vitro. The apoptosis in these cells was correlated with the downregulation of constitutive NF-κB and phosphorylated STAT3 activation, leading to the inhibition of c-Myc, cyclin D1, and bcl-2 protein expression and the upregulation of bax protein expression. In vivo, degrasyn and bortezomib interacted to synergistically prevent tumor development and prolong survival durations in a xenotransplant severe combined immunodeficient mouse model of MCL. These findings suggest that agents such as degrasyn that can pharmacologically target constitutively expressed NF-κB and STAT3 in MCL cells may be useful therapeutic agents for MCL when administered together with bortezomib. Mol Cancer Ther; 9(7); 2026–36. ©2010 AACR.
Note: Supplementary material for this article is available at Molecular Cancer Therapeutics Online (http://mct.aacrjournals.org/).
- Received October 26, 2009.
- Revision received March 10, 2010.
- Accepted April 30, 2010.
- ©2010 American Association for Cancer Research.