Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1/2) occur in a variety of tumor types. Although these mutations are loss-of-function for conversion of isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate, the mutant enzymes greatly increase the production of the proposed oncometabolite, 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG). However the full metabolic consequences of IDH1/2 mutation in their heterozygous cellular context have yet to be fully explored. To address this question, we utilized a panel of isogenic cell lines with wild-type IDH1/2 or clinically relevant IDH1/2 mutations and examined the metabolic consequences of IDH mutation using (13)C metabolic flux analysis (MFA).
We observe a dramatic and consistent decrease in the ability of IDH1 mutant cell lines to utilize reductive glutamine metabolism via the carboxylation of α-ketoglutarate back to isocitrate. This was not seen either in IDH2 mutant cell lines or in wild-type cell lines treated with exogenous 2-HG. Consistent with these changes, the IDH1 mutant cell lines, but not IDH2 mutant or 2-HG treated cells, were deficient in the utilization of glutamine for de novo lipogenesis. Similar trends were observed in endogenous, non-engineered IDH1/2 mutant cell lines.
The decrease in reductive carboxylation in the IDH1 mutant cell lines raises the hypothesis that these cells may be more reliant on mitochondrial metabolism. Indeed, IDH1 mutant cells were more sensitive to either treatment with an electron transport chain inhibitor or growth in hypoxia (which also inhibits mitochondrial metabolism).
These results show heterozygous IDH1 mutation robustly impacts wild-type cellular metabolism in a different manner than IDH2 mutation. Furthermore, these results suggest that IDH1 and IDH2 mutant tumors may be differentially sensitive to inhibitors of specific metabolic pathways.
Citation Information: Mol Cancer Ther 2013;12(11 Suppl):B159.
Citation Format: Alexandra R. Grassian, Seth Parker, Shawn Davidson, Courtney Green, Fallon Lin, Carol Joud-Caldwell, Hong Yin, Franklin Chung, Christopher Straub, Matthew Vander Heiden, Raymond Pagliarini, Christian Metallo. Heterozygous IDH1 mutations modify the citric acid (TCA) cycle metabolism and sensitize cells to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration/oxidative phosphorylation. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference: Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics; 2013 Oct 19-23; Boston, MA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Mol Cancer Ther 2013;12(11 Suppl):Abstract nr B159.
- Copyright © November 2013, American Association for Cancer Research